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Q​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​. What is relationship between understanding someone else

Q​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​. What is relationship between understanding someone else’s emotion and feeling that emotion ourselves?
Word count: 2000-2500 words
Essay Structure A: ‘The problem and solution model’
1. Introduction (~100 words)
2. Problem (~300 words)
3. Claim and Reasons (~800 words)
4. Objections and Replies (~800 words)
5. Conclusion (~200 words)
Explanation: This is the most standard essay structure used in philosophy. You outline a problem, explaining why it is tricky and what may be required for an answer (desiderata). You then directly present a solution (this may be some existing theory or your own new theory). There is then a definite section where you confront your solution with various possible objections and show how each can be defended.
MARKING CRITERIA
Relevance: The material you address is relevant the answering the question.
Understanding: You show good awareness and understanding of the relevant literature. Clarity: Your claim and other points are precise. The style of writing is clear.
Structure and strategy: The structure is obvious and points are organised fluently. The way you arrange material is appropriate, given the claim you wish to defend.
Argument strength: Your argument is valid. You treat objections or alternative views sympathetically. You respond convincingly to objections.
Insight/profundity: You defend a non-obvious claim. You show that you have thought deeply about fundamental issues of emotions, ethics, and/or religion.
Independence: Your claim or arguments are novel. You take your own critical stance towards the lectures or readings. You articulate points in your own way.
Please use the headings above.
Readings:
Please use the sources below
Coplan, A. (2011). Understanding Empathy: Its features and effects. In Coplan, A., & Goldie, P. (Eds.). (2011). Empathy: Philosophical and psychological perspectives. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC613588​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​4/pdf/fpsyt-09-00414.pdf
https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/empathy/
https://lesley.edu/article/the-psychology-of-emotional-and-cognitive-empathy
https://www.psychalive.org/empaths/#:~:text=Empaths%20are%20highly%20sensitive%20individuals,others%20at%20their%20own%20expense.
Recommended readings on Empathy and Expression
• Goldman, Alvin (2011). Two routes to empathy; Insights from cognitive neuroscience. In Coplan & Goldie (eds.), Empathy: philosophical and psychological perspectives. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
• Currie, Gregory & Ravenscroft, Ian (2002). Recreative Minds. Clarendon Press, Oxford. Chapter 3
• Carruthers, Peter (1996). ‘Simulation and self-knowledge: A defence of theory’. Chapter 3 in Carruthers & Smith eds. Theories of theories of mind. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press: 22-38.
• Goldie, P. (2000). The Emotions: A Philosophical Exploration. Clarendon Press, Oxford. Chapter 7.
• Goldman, A. (2006). Simulating Minds: The Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience of Mindreading. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
• Hurley, Susan. (2008). Understanding Simulation. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research Vol. 77, No. 3 pp.755-774.
• Davies, M. & Stone, T. (1995). ‘Introduction’ in Davies and Stone (eds.), Folk Psychology: The Theory of Mind Debate (Oxford: Blackwell, 1995): 1-44. See also other chapters in this volume.
• Lavelle, Jane (2012). ‘Theory-theory and the direct perception of mental states’. Review of Philosophy and Psychology. No. 3, 213-230.
• Saxe, Rebecca (2005). ‘Against simulation: the argument from error’. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, Vol. 9, No. 4 (April): 174-179.
• Goldie, P. (2000). Explaining expressions of emotion. Mind, 109(433), 25-38.
• Green, M. S. (2007). Self-Expression. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
• Abell, C., & Smith, J. (Eds.). (2016). The Expression of Emotion: Philosophical, Psychological and​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​ Legal Perspectives. Cambridge University Press

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