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Q​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​. What is relationship between understanding someone else

Q​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​. What is relationship between understanding someone else’s emotion and feeling that emotion ourselves?
Word count: 2000-2500 words
Essay Structure A: ‘The problem and solution model’
1. Introduction (~100 words)
2. Problem (~300 words)
3. Claim and Reasons (~800 words)
4. Objections and Replies (~800 words)
5. Conclusion (~200 words)
Explanation: This is the most standard essay structure used in philosophy. You outline a problem, explaining why it is tricky and what may be required for an answer (desiderata). You then directly present a solution (this may be some existing theory or your own new theory). There is then a definite section where you confront your solution with various possible objections and show how each can be defended.
Relevance: The material you address is relevant the answering the question.
Understanding: You show good awareness and understanding of the relevant literature. Clarity: Your claim and other points are precise. The style of writing is clear.
Structure and strategy: The structure is obvious and points are organised fluently. The way you arrange material is appropriate, given the claim you wish to defend.
Argument strength: Your argument is valid. You treat objections or alternative views sympathetically. You respond convincingly to objections.
Insight/profundity: You defend a non-obvious claim. You show that you have thought deeply about fundamental issues of emotions, ethics, and/or religion.
Independence: Your claim or arguments are novel. You take your own critical stance towards the lectures or readings. You articulate points in your own way.
Please use the headings above.
Please use the sources below
Coplan, A. (2011). Understanding Empathy: Its features and effects. In Coplan, A., & Goldie, P. (Eds.). (2011). Empathy: Philosophical and psychological perspectives. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Recommended readings on Empathy and Expression
• Goldman, Alvin (2011). Two routes to empathy; Insights from cognitive neuroscience. In Coplan & Goldie (eds.), Empathy: philosophical and psychological perspectives. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
• Currie, Gregory & Ravenscroft, Ian (2002). Recreative Minds. Clarendon Press, Oxford. Chapter 3
• Carruthers, Peter (1996). ‘Simulation and self-knowledge: A defence of theory’. Chapter 3 in Carruthers & Smith eds. Theories of theories of mind. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press: 22-38.
• Goldie, P. (2000). The Emotions: A Philosophical Exploration. Clarendon Press, Oxford. Chapter 7.
• Goldman, A. (2006). Simulating Minds: The Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience of Mindreading. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
• Hurley, Susan. (2008). Understanding Simulation. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research Vol. 77, No. 3 pp.755-774.
• Davies, M. & Stone, T. (1995). ‘Introduction’ in Davies and Stone (eds.), Folk Psychology: The Theory of Mind Debate (Oxford: Blackwell, 1995): 1-44. See also other chapters in this volume.
• Lavelle, Jane (2012). ‘Theory-theory and the direct perception of mental states’. Review of Philosophy and Psychology. No. 3, 213-230.
• Saxe, Rebecca (2005). ‘Against simulation: the argument from error’. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, Vol. 9, No. 4 (April): 174-179.
• Goldie, P. (2000). Explaining expressions of emotion. Mind, 109(433), 25-38.
• Green, M. S. (2007). Self-Expression. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
• Abell, C., & Smith, J. (Eds.). (2016). The Expression of Emotion: Philosophical, Psychological and​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​ Legal Perspectives. Cambridge University Press

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