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Read each discussion and make one reply to each discussion. These replies do not

Read each discussion and make one reply to each discussion. These replies do not

Read each discussion and make one reply to each discussion. These replies do not need to be formal – but professional in nature. Include citations and references. 2 references for each reply. Ask 1 questions at the end of each reply. Each reply needs to be 137 Words
Discussion 1
After carefully listening to Bill Gates Ted Talk, I must say I have mixed feelings regarding this topic. Nevertheless, let me just start off by saying, there is no right or wrong way to plan for a pandemic, because one doesn’t know exactly what they are planning for. Yes, you can put measures into place and have facilities readily available but there has never been a repeat of a pandemic, so future pandemics remain unknown. In addition, and to answer the question, we were ill-prepared for the COVID-19 pandemic due to the lack of global equity and the longstanding systemic inequities in the global health emergency and broader international system. Low- and middle-income countries are often under-represented and opportunities to engage communities and civil society are meagre (Reed, 2021).
Global preparedness is greater than the sum of national preparedness. So what should the world do? It needs concerted, collective and coordinated action. At its heart must lie a new global social contract which prioritizes equity, accountability, solidarity, reciprocity and inclusivity. Additionally, machine learning could help to predict what the next pandemic-causing pathogen will be, or where it might first infect people. Climate modeling could also inform plans for infectious-disease outbreaks (Hodson, 2022).
In order to prepare for a future pandemic, it is suggested that we:
Recruit, train and prioritize healthcare workers; providing them with the necessary training, making sure they’re first in line for vaccines so they’re protected, and financially and emotionally supporting them.
-Establish effective surveillance and response systems; it’s important to have effective testing and reporting mechanisms in place to monitor them
-Build confidence in health services through community health; building confidence in healthcare workers, health institutions and national health agencies is therefore key
-Strengthen logistics and supply; increased investments in this kind of infrastructure will help to ensure communities receive the vaccines they need and protect them from future outbreaks (UNICEF, n.d)
References
Hodspon, R. (2022, November 15). How Can the World Prepare for the Next Pandemic? Scientific American.
Reed, B. (2021, October 26). The world was woefully unprepared for a pandemic. Let’s be ready for the next one. The Guardian.
UNICEF. (n.d.). How to improve primary healthcare to prepare for future pandemics. Retrieved from UNICEF: https://www.unicef.org
Discussion 2
As we all know, the Covid-19 virus originated in Wuhan, China and at first the authorities there did not believe the dangers that came with it. In fact, during the infancy stages of the virus, the Chinese authorities actually believed it was a hoax. Also, the doctor who first disclosed the severity of the virus was ordered by the Chinese authorities to stay quiet. They believed that there was no human transmission.
Many people have died from this disease because of the lack of preparedness. In the documentary titled The Virus, What Went Wrong, it was explained that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), actually believed that there was a very low risk to the American people. Little did they know that a pandemic was looming. And so unfortunately, the United States officials did not acknowledge the seriousness of this disease. This happened during the Trump Administration. As explained in the documentary, in January 2020 there were several presidential briefings (PDB) regarding this issue including the possible human transmission in Wuhan, China. However, the president failed to read his briefings and so the attempts to communicate this issue to the president was unsuccessful. The US Secretary from the Health and Human Services have attempted to alert the president but was unable to secure a meeting with him until January 18, 2020. However, during that meeting, the president’s first concern was to talk about e-cigarettes. This was 18 days after the Chinese government have alerted that they were seeing deaths from the virus. There was no apparent panic here in the U.S. In fact, the president stated that the US have it under control. On January 26, 2020, Dr. Anthony Fauci stated that the American people should not worry about this and it’s a very low risk to the United States because there are ways of preparing and screening people.
There was a lack of urgency, and the US has lost so much time from the early warnings that came out of China. On January 29th, the president received a memo warning of the significant risks to loss of lives. This was when the president responded by restricting some flights from China. By this time, it was too late. There were hundreds of flights that have already left Wuhan, China to the US. The virus was in the US, and it did not get the attention of the authorities until the number of cases started to climb and loss of lives.
If preparations were in place, so many lives could have been saved. Bill Gates warned of this outbreak prior and emphasize being prepared. It is important that the authorities act swiftly when serious issues are brought to their attention and not wait until lives are lost. This pandemic affected so many countries and so developing a global relationship and collaboration can make a difference. According to the article, Preparing for the next pandemic, “financing is key for better preparedness, but strong preparedness also requires sustained political will.” It is so important that leaders globally understand and take financing into consideration to prevent another pandemic.
References
Preparing for the next pandemic: What will it take?. World Bank Blogs. (n.d.). https://blogs.worldbank.org/voices/preparing-next-pandemic-what-will-it-take
Public Broadcasting Service. (2020). PBS. Retrieved October 3, 2023, from https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/frontline/documentary/the-virus/.

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