This is the post of other student analyse it and add point and summary in short 2 paragraph
For this observation topic, I have decided to choose my cats! I recently got a new kitten so I have been able to observe not only how my cats communicate with me, but how they communicate with each other.
The first day I got my new kitten, I observed Hockett’s design feature of interchangeability. I kept the new kitten away in a carrier so that my resident cat and the kitten could see and sniff each other without being able to touch each other. At this moment, my resident cat hissed at the kitten, and the kitten moved away from the door of the carrier towards the back and also produced a hiss. Clearly, cats are able to send and receive the same messages.
As I observed how my new kitten interacted with my cat, I witnessed my kitten hiss and growl in response to my resident cat doing the same. I wondered if this was an example of cultural transmission. Had my new kitten learned to make these vocalizations from exposure to my older cat doing so? A study by Tavernier et al. (2020) says otherwise, suggesting that a kitten’s hiss is an involuntary, or otherwise innate, reaction. The purpose of this study was to create an ethogram of the known feline vocalizations, which included the name of the vocalization, the definition, the context in which it occurs, and a spectrogram of the sound to increase the accuracy of differing vocalizations (Tavernier et al., 2020). For a hiss, the context included by this study was described as “agnostic; involuntary reaction to when a cat is surprised by an apparent enemy” (Tavernier et al., 2020). So no, this was not an example of cultural transmission.
When considering the design feature of rapid fading, it was first apparent to me that this concept occurs when a cat produces vocalizations. Meowing, hissing and chirping does not linger after production. However, a different element of feline communication does linger after production. My older cat will often rub his face on my hands and my feet as a way for him to mark me as his territory, and communicate to other potential cats that I belong to him. This scent does linger after production, as other cats I pet will sniff my hands and hiss at them in response. Therefore, rapid fading does and does not occur depending on the mode of communication.
While finding articles relating to this topic, I came across this one by Takagi et al. (2022) that suggests felines may exhibit some degree of learnability. In short, when the cats viewed images of familiar cat faces, they tended to look longer at the images when paired with the cat owner calling a name that was not the name of the cat on screen (Takagi et al., 2020). The experimenters interpreted this as an expectancy violation effect, and concluded that the cats had learned the names of their friend cats (Takagi et al., 2020). My question for whoever replies to this is what do you think about these results? Do you think if the results were opposite and the cats had looked longer at pictures of familliar cats when the owner called the correct name, that an argument could be made for the cats understanding the name and attending more to the image?
Takagi, S., Saito, A., Arahori, M., Chijiiwa, H., Koyasu, H., Nagasawa, M., Kikusui, T., Fujita, K., & Kuroshima, H. (2022). Cats learn the names of their friend cats in their daily lives. Scientific Reports, 12(1). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-022-10261-5
Tavernier, C., Ahmed, S., Houpt, K. A., & Yeon, S. C. (2020). Feline vocal communication. Journal of Veterinary Science, 21(1). https://doi.org/10.4142/jvs.2020.21.e18
Feline vocal communication.pdf
Cats learn the names of their friend.pdf
Expansions: Do TWO based on other student’s posts. 25 points each (50 points)
The goal of the response observations is to further the topic by providing more content. It is fine to say something to the original poster about what you appreciated about the post, or what questions it raised for you, but that is only a starting point. These are not meant to be personal positive feedback.
Before you start, check to make sure the post you are responding to is on topic, and that your idea for the response is also on the topic of the assignment. Again, points are based on the topic!
How can you expand the topic?
relate your comments to readings with specific content
find a relevant source that you then discuss (it doesn’t have to be a journal article, but it should be reasonably reliable). Please DO NOT say ‘here is a great source, check it out’. Only post sources that you discuss in your post!
summarize a number of observations in a thread to find patterns, be sure to do so thoughtfully, and can only be done once in a thread
raise a question that you then answer with a source and/or observation (please only ask a question that you have prepared at least a start of an answer for)
Just saying ‘great job’
Asking questions that you don’t answer
Taking a topic off side “Your great post about semanticity in dog barking reminds of the time my family got a puppy…..”
“I found a site you might like”……
SUCCESS TIPS CHECKLIST:
Make sure your citations and references are correct APA format
All posts must be original, so have a quick look before posting to make sure no one else has posted the same source or example.
Read over your post to check for typos and make sure any content from a source has a citation (very important)
Make sure you used a functioning link for a website source or attached the article as a pdf
Be sure to stick to the topic of the thread! If it seems like the original post is off topic, then it is not a good candidate for a response! Message me if you are unsure.e.g. a post on the honey bee waggle dance would be on topic for the Hockett assignment question, but a response on the effect of pesticides on honey bees would not!
e.g. a post on the ability of some dogs to recognize words would be on topic for the Hockett assignment question, but a response on whether dogs can be trained to detect seizures or whether they have theory of mind would not (well, unless it related to the dogs communicating)
Policy re AI and Editing Software (e.g. Grammarly) Assistance:
AI must not be used to write first drafts of any of your assignments because this does not help you learn and apply the course content. Assignments written primarily or entirely by AI will not receive credit, as this is equivalent to having someone else complete your assignment for you. When an assignment is directly written by AI, it is often obvious to me and I may use AI detector software if I am concerned about the assignment source.
Another concern for you is that assignments that are written by AI may not fit the requirements of the assignment and can have other substantial limitations (often this is how I detect them).
For this course (but NOT necessarily for your other courses), you may use technology to help you edit and improve your writing e.g. by using Grammarly, your word processor’s grammar check, ChatGPT or other editing programs.
If you use any editing software to edit/proofread your initial draft, please:
(i) cite, as a footnote in your paper, what software/AI was used and how it was used
(ii) save a copy of your first draft that you wrote yourself and keep it available to demonstrate (if requested) that you wrote the substantiative content.
You are responsible for what you submit; please be mindful and attentive to what changes any software made, and ensure that the content remains correct and still reflects your own thoughts and ideas.
Finally, please note that ChatGPT is also not yet a trustworthy source of information, particularly beyond the introductory level of any discipline. Any content or “facts” that ChatGPT gives you should always be validated with more reliable sources. Do not cite ChatGPT or other AI as a source of information; instead use scholarly sources.