This is a PhD thesis proposal in Finance. The type of this proposal is (Three Es

This is a PhD thesis proposal in Finance. The type of this proposal is (Three Es

This is a PhD thesis proposal in Finance. The type of this proposal is (Three Essays) that consists of sub-topics for the main topic, which is (the relationship between environmental, social, and governance (ESG) and compensation in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries).
(The word count should not exceed 5,000 words).
The 3 essays are as follows:
– Essay 1: Directors’ Compensation and ESG Performance in the listed firms in the GCC.
– Essay 2: ESG-Based Compensation [compensation that depends on ESG indicators] and its Impact on Firm Performance: An Examination of Listed Companies in the GCC.
– Essay 3: Exploring the Influence of ESG-Based Compensation on Corporate Risk-Taking Behavior in Listed Companies in the GCC.
* The order of the contents of the proposal should be as follows:
1. General introduction to the main topic, covering the 3 sub-topics: It should contain an introduction to the main topic and its importance for study and research, especially in the GCC region. What is the motivation for presenting this topic? Why the GCC countries? (Because of the recent economic, social and environmental changes in the region, and the launch and adoption of new visions such as the Saudi Vision 2030, which includes, for example, the shift from dependence on oil and gas as main sources of income to relying on diversifying sources of income for sustainability, also empowering women, youth and foreigners – from a social point of view -, as well as caring for the environment and establishing environmental programs such as the “Green Saudi Arabia and the Green Middle East” and climate change, and the challenges facing environmental problems, since this region is a major source of petrochemical industries)? Also, mentioning the study gap, which is the lack of research in this regard in the GCC region, which is a promising and developing region. Moreover, the three essays should be mentioned, what motivated them, and what contributions those topics might make.
You must rely on *reliable* sources and references via Google Scholar. These must be sources published in high quality journals. *Do not take any study that is published by *MDPI* or similar journals*.
2. Essay 1: Directors’ Compensation and ESG Performance:
2.1. Research Question.
2.2. Significance and Contribution: Why do I want to do this? What is the interesting about it?
2.3. Literature Review and Hypothesis Development: Here is the H1: “There is a relationship between directors’ compensation and ESG performance in
listed companies in the GCC”. This hypothesis should be built on the basis of *Theoretical Arguments* drawing on *Stakeholder Theory and Agency
Theory*. This is done by citing theoretical arguments from reliable and published sources and references. This part (development of the hypothesis) is
written by dividing it into 2 parts: First: theoretical arguments for building the hypothesis (stakeholder theory and agency theory). Second: the results
and findings of those studies that have previously been relied upon to build the hypothesis.
3. Essay 2: ESG-Based Compensation [compensation that depends on ESG indicators] and its Impact on Firm Performance: An Examination of Listed Companies in the GCC:
3.1. Research Question.
3.2. Significance and Contribution: Why do I want to do this? What is interesting about it?
3.3. Literature Review and Hypothesis Development: Here is the H2: “There is a relationship between ESG-based compensation and firm performance
in the GCC”. This hypothesis should be built on the basis of *Theoretical Arguments* drawing on *Stakeholder Theory and Agency Theory*. This is
done by citing theoretical arguments from reliable and published sources and references. This part (development of the hypothesis) is written by
dividing it into 2 parts: First: theoretical arguments for building the hypothesis (stakeholder theory and agency theory). Second: the results and
findings of those studies that have previously been relied upon to build the hypothesis.
4. Essay 3: Exploring the Influence of ESG-Based Compensation on Corporate Risk-Taking Behavior in Listed Companies in the GCC.
4.1. Research Question.
4.2. Significance and Contribution: Why do I want to do this? What is interesting about it?
4.3. Literature Review and Hypothesis Development: Here is the H3: “There is a relationship between ESG-based compensation and corporate risk-taking behavior in listed companies in the GCC”. This hypothesis should be built on the basis of *Theoretical Arguments* drawing on *Stakeholder Theory and Agency Theory*. This is done by citing theoretical arguments from reliable and published sources and references. This part (development of the hypothesis) is written by dividing it into 2 parts: First: theoretical arguments for building the hypothesis (stakeholder theory and agency theory). Second: the results and findings of those studies that have previously been relied upon to build the hypothesis.
Important Notes:
1- You must rely on reliable sources and references published in accredited journals, and not rely on journals such as MDPI.
2 – In order to avoid fabrication and plagiarism while citing references, quote texts from those references as they are mentioned. Do not quote your general understanding from the references, but paraphrase the sentence. Attach after writing the details of the citations: (the name of the reference, the sentence quoted from which page, the sentence after paraphrasing).
3- Do not use any AI apps, like ChatGPT and QuillBot. It will be detected by Turnitin.

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